300,000 Haitians and Central Americans at Risk for Deportation
The Temporary Protected Status (TPS) for more than 300,000 Haitian and Central American immigrants will be expiring soon and the Trump Administration has not publicly announced its plan to renew the program.
TPS is issued to immigrants whose home nations has been afflicted by natural disasters, civil wars, and other temporary catastrophic events. After a country is deemed unsafe, the Secretary of Homeland Security issues civilians and immigrants from that area TPS. TPS does not build a pathway for citizenship and only prevents deportation for a temporary amount of time.
195,000 Salvadorans, 57,000 Hondurans, 50,000 Haitians and 2,550 Nicaraguans are at risk for deportation. The TPS for these groups will expire in early 2018 and it is unclear if they will be able to return home safely.
Haitian immigrants have been awarded TPS since 2010 due to an earthquake that devastated the country and then in 2016 hurricane Matthew hit causing major flooding. Hondurans, Nicaraguans, and Salvadorans have been granted TPS since 1999 and 2001 respectively. Like Haiti, Honduras and Nicaragua were severely crippled after they were hit by a hurricane in 1998. Since then natural disasters, such as droughts and landslides, continually create an unsafe environment for Hondurans and Nicaraguans. Salvadorans have been granted TPS for almost twenty years now due to civil wars and earthquakes.
Along with President Trump potentially ending DACA, the deportation of these individuals would be a major harm to the U.S. economy. If both programs end, the U.S. stands to lose roughly 1.1 million workers and students. A report filed by the Immigrant Legal Resource Center, which advocates for pro-immigration policies, found that the deportation of Salvadorans, Haitians, and Hondurans would cost $3.1 billion and take away $45.2 billion from the GDP over the next decade.